Serverspecとは何か?

  • 概要
    • サーバー構成のテスト
    • 特定のツールに依存しない
  • 公式サイト: serverspec.org
  • 知識
    • Vagrant
    • Ruby
    • RSpec
    • Itamae
  • 全体像
    • host: Ruby, Itamae, Serverspec
    • web: Apache, PHP

サーバーの設定をしていこう

  • 利用可能なBoxファイルを検索
    • Atlas >> Discover Vagrant Boxes
  • 'bento/centos-6.7'のVagrant boxを利用
  • Vagrantfileを生成
$ cd ~/Documents/MyVagrant
$ mkdir serverspec_lessons
$ cd serverspec_lessons
$ vagrant init bento/centos-6.7
  • Vagrantfileを開き下記をコメントアウト
$ vi Vagrantfile
config.vm.box = "bento/centos-6.7"
  • 下記を貼り付け
  config.vm.define "host" do |node|
    node.vm.box = "bento/centos-6.7"
    node.vm.hostname = "host"
    node.vm.network :private_network, ip: "192.168.33.10"
  end
  config.vm.define "web" do |node|
    node.vm.box = "bento/centos-6.7"
    node.vm.hostname = "web"
    node.vm.network :private_network, ip: "192.168.33.11"
  end
$ vagrant up
  • Vagrant確認
$ vagrant status
Current machine states:

host                      running (virtualbox)
web                       running (virtualbox)

This environment represents multiple VMs. The VMs are all listed
above with their current state. For more information about a specific
VM, run `vagrant status NAME`.
  • webに対してssh configを設定
$ vagrant ssh host
$ vi .ssh/config
Host web
 HostName 192.168.33.11
$ chmod 600 .ssh/config
  • 秘密鍵/公開鍵作成
$ ssh-keygen -t rsa
Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/home/vagrant/.ssh/id_rsa):
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
Enter same passphrase again:
  • webに公開鍵を転送 *Vagrantユーザーのデフォルトパスワードは 'vagrant'
[vagrant@host ~]$ ssh-copy-id web
The authenticity of host '192.168.33.11 (192.168.33.11)' can't be established.
RSA key fingerprint is 90:d8:41:6f:c5:39:1d:54:0d:43:4e:34:dc:f1:d2:6b.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added '192.168.33.11' (RSA) to the list of known hosts.
vagrant@192.168.33.11's password:
  • SSH接続確認
$ ssh web
$ exit

Serverspecをインストールしよう

  • hostにgitをインストール

$ sudo yum -y install git

  • 環境初期構築用のスクリプト*を dotinstallres/centos65 リポジトリからダウンロード&hostに対して実行
    • * run.sh: Ansibleインストール, main.yml実行
    • main.yml: CentOS初期設定, Apache, PHP 5.6, MySQL, Ruby 2.2.2 (rbenv/ruby-build), Node.jsインストール
    • php.ini.custom: main.ymlより参照。php.iniの設定内容を記述
    • my.cnf.custom: main.ymlより参照。my.cnfの設定内容を記述
    • bash_profile.custom: main.ymlより参照。bash_profileの設定内容を記述
$ git clone https://github.com/dotinstallres/centos65.git
$ cd centos65
$ ./run.sh
....
....
PLAY RECAP *********************************************************************
localhost                  : ok=32   changed=31   unreachable=0    failed=0
  • シェルの再起動
$ exec $SHELL -l
  • ruby確認
$ ruby -v
ruby 2.2.2p95 (2015-04-13 revision 50295) [x86_64-linux]
  • インストール済みGem一覧の表示(rakeがインストールされていることを確認)
$ gem list

*** LOCAL GEMS ***

bigdecimal (1.2.6)
io-console (0.4.3)
json (1.8.1)
minitest (5.4.3)
power_assert (0.2.2)
psych (2.0.8)
rake (10.4.2)
rdoc (4.2.0)
test-unit (3.0.8)
  • itamaeとserverspecをインストール
$ gem install itamae serverspec
  • gem list確認
$ gem list

*** LOCAL GEMS ***

ansi (1.5.0)
....
diff-lcs (1.3)
hashie (3.5.5)
....
itamae (1.9.11)
....
multi_json (1.12.1)
net-scp (1.2.1)
net-ssh (4.1.0)
net-telnet (0.1.1)
....
rspec (3.5.0)
rspec-core (3.5.4)
rspec-expectations (3.5.0)
rspec-its (1.2.0)
rspec-mocks (3.5.0)
rspec-support (3.5.0)
schash (0.1.2)
serverspec (2.38.0)
sfl (2.3)
specinfra (2.67.2)
....
thor (0.19.4)
$ cd

serverspec-initを使ってみよう

  • Itamaeの設定ファイル(recipe.rb)作成
$ mkdir myproject
$ cd myproject/
$ mkdir cookbooks
$ cd cookbooks/
$ vi recipe.rb
$ cd ..
  • serverspec-initコマンドを使ってserverspecの設定ファイルを自動作成
$ pwd
/home/vagrant/myproject
$ serverspec-init
Select OS type:

  1) UN*X
  2) Windows

Select number: 1

Select a backend type:

  1) SSH
  2) Exec (local)

Select number: 1

Vagrant instance y/n: n
Input target host name: web
 + spec/
 + spec/web/
 + spec/web/sample_spec.rb
 + spec/spec_helper.rb
 + Rakefile
 + .rspec
  • /home/vagrant/myproject配下のファイル構造
/home/vagrant/myproject
|--.rspec
|--Rakefile
|--cookbooks
|  |--recipe.rb
|--spec
|  |--spec_helper.rb
|  |--web
|  |  |--sample_spec.rb
  • Apacheに関するspecファイルを作成(デフォルトのsample_spec.rbは削除)
$ rm spec/web/sample_spec.rb
$ vi spec/web/httpd_spec.rb

はじめてのテストをしてみよう

  • テスト駆動開発の手順に沿ってテストを記述
  1. fail: 失敗するテストを書く
  2. pass: テストを通るようにする
  3. refactor: リファクタリングをする
  • httpdのテストコード(myproject/spec/web/httpd_spec.rb)
# 1. fail
# 2. pass
# 3. refactor

require 'spec_helper'

describe package('httpd') do
  it { should be_installed }
end
  • テスト実行(fail)
$ rake spec
/home/vagrant/.rbenv/....

Package "httpd"
  should be installed (FAILED - 1)

Failures:

  1) Package "httpd" should be installed
     On host `web'
     Failure/Error: it { should be_installed }
       expected Package "httpd" to be installed
       sudo -p 'Password: ' /bin/sh -c rpm\ -q\ httpd
       package httpd is not installed

     # ./spec/web/httpd_spec.rb:8:in `block (2 levels) in <top (required)>'

Finished in 1.08 seconds (files took 0.5465 seconds to load)
1 example, 1 failure

Failed examples:

rspec ./spec/web/httpd_spec.rb:8 # Package "httpd" should be installed

/home/vagrant/.rbenv/.... failed
  • Itamaeの設定ファイル編集(myproject/cookbooks/recipe.rb)
package 'httpd'
  • Itamae実行(dry run)
$ itamae ssh -h web cookbooks/recipe.rb -n
  • Itamae実行
$ itamae ssh -h web cookbooks/recipe.rb
 INFO : Starting Itamae...
 INFO : Recipe: /home/vagrant/myproject/cookbooks/recipe.rb
 INFO :   package[httpd] installed will change from 'false' to 'true'
  • テスト再実行(pass)
$ rake spec
/home/vagrant/.rbenv/....

Package "httpd"
  should be installed

Finished in 0.64223 seconds (files took 0.43663 seconds to load)
1 example, 0 failures

ResourceとMatcherを調べてみよう

  • 上記テストの例では Resourceは package('httpd') で Matcherは should be_installed
  • ResourceとMatcherの一覧は公式サイト >> Resource Types で確認可能

httpdのテストをしてみよう

  • httpdが起動しているか/80番ポートでListenしているかのテスト(httpd_spec.rb)
# 1. fail
# 2. pass
# 3. refactor

require 'spec_helper'

describe package('httpd') do
  it { should be_installed }
end

describe service('httpd') do
  it { should be_enabled }
  it { should be_running }
end

describe port(80) do
  it { should be_listening }
end
  • テスト実行(fail)
$ rake spec
/home/vagrant/.rbenv/....

....

Service "httpd"
  should be enabled (FAILED - 1)
  should be running (FAILED - 2)

Port "80"
  should be listening (FAILED - 3)

Failures:

  1) Service "httpd" should be enabled
     On host `web'
     Failure/Error: it { should be_enabled }
       expected Service "httpd" to be enabled
       sudo -p 'Password: ' /bin/sh -c chkconfig\ --list\ httpd\ \|\ grep\ 3:on

     # ./spec/web/httpd_spec.rb:12:in `block (2 levels) in <top (required)>'

  2) Service "httpd" should be running
     On host `web'
     Failure/Error: it { should be_running }
       expected Service "httpd" to be running
       sudo -p 'Password: ' /bin/sh -c service\ httpd\ status
       httpd is stopped

     # ./spec/web/httpd_spec.rb:13:in `block (2 levels) in <top (required)>'

  3) Port "80" should be listening
     On host `web'
     Failure/Error: it { should be_listening }
       expected Port "80" to be listening
       sudo -p 'Password: ' /bin/sh -c netstat\ -tunl\ \|\ grep\ --\ :80\\\

     # ./spec/web/httpd_spec.rb:17:in `block (2 levels) in <top (required)>'

Finished in 0.86085 seconds (files took 0.43814 seconds to load)
4 examples, 3 failures

Failed examples:

rspec ./spec/web/httpd_spec.rb:12 # Service "httpd" should be enabled
rspec ./spec/web/httpd_spec.rb:13 # Service "httpd" should be running
rspec ./spec/web/httpd_spec.rb:17 # Port "80" should be listening

/home/vagrant/.rbenv/.... failed
  • Itamaeの設定ファイル修正(recipe.rb)
package 'httpd'

service 'httpd' do
  action [:enable, :start]
end
  • Itamae実行
$ itamae ssh -h web cookbooks/recipe.rb
 INFO : Starting Itamae...
 INFO : Recipe: /home/vagrant/myproject/cookbooks/recipe.rb
 INFO :   service[httpd] enabled will change from 'false' to 'true'
 INFO :   service[httpd] running will change from 'false' to 'true'
  • テスト再実行(pass)
$ rake spec
/home/vagrant/.rbenv/....

....

Service "httpd"
  should be enabled
  should be running

Port "80"
  should be listening

Finished in 0.8126 seconds (files took 0.4321 seconds to load)
4 examples, 0 failures

fileリソースを使ってみよう

  • index.htmlが存在しHello Worldという文字列が記述されているかのテスト(httpd_spec.rb)
# 1. fail
# 2. pass
# 3. refactor

require 'spec_helper'

describe package('httpd') do
  it { should be_installed }
end

describe service('httpd') do
  it { should be_enabled }
  it { should be_running }
end

describe port(80) do
  it { should be_listening }
end

describe file('/var/www/html/index.html') do
  it { should be_file }
  it { should be_owned_by 'apache' }
  it { should be_grouped_into 'apache' }
  its(:content) { should match /Hello World/ }
end
  • テスト実行(fail)
$ rake spec
/home/vagrant/.rbenv/....

....

File "/var/www/html/index.html"
  should be file (FAILED - 1)
  should be owned by "apache" (FAILED - 2)
  should be grouped into "apache" (FAILED - 3)
  content
    should match /Hello World/ (FAILED - 4)

Failures:

  1) File "/var/www/html/index.html" should be file
     On host `web'
     Failure/Error: it { should be_file }
       expected `File "/var/www/html/index.html".file?` to return true, got false
       sudo -p 'Password: ' /bin/sh -c test\ -f\ /var/www/html/index.html

     # ./spec/web/httpd_spec.rb:21:in `block (2 levels) in <top (required)>'

  2) File "/var/www/html/index.html" should be owned by "apache"
     On host `web'
     Failure/Error: it { should be_owned_by 'apache' }
       expected `File "/var/www/html/index.html".owned_by?("apache")` to return true, got false
       sudo -p 'Password: ' /bin/sh -c stat\ -c\ \%U\ /var/www/html/index.html\ \|\ grep\ --\ \\\^apache\\\$

     # ./spec/web/httpd_spec.rb:22:in `block (2 levels) in <top (required)>'

  3) File "/var/www/html/index.html" should be grouped into "apache"
     On host `web'
     Failure/Error: it { should be_grouped_into 'apache' }
       expected `File "/var/www/html/index.html".grouped_into?("apache")` to return true, got false
       sudo -p 'Password: ' /bin/sh -c stat\ -c\ \%G\ /var/www/html/index.html\ \|\ grep\ --\ \\\^apache\\\$

     # ./spec/web/httpd_spec.rb:23:in `block (2 levels) in <top (required)>'

  4) File "/var/www/html/index.html" content should match /Hello World/
     On host `web'
     Failure/Error: its(:content) { should match /Hello World/ }
       expected "" to match /Hello World/
       Diff:
       @@ -1,2 +1,2 @@
       -/Hello World/
       +""

       sudo -p 'Password: ' /bin/sh -c cat\ /var/www/html/index.html\ 2\>\ /dev/null\ \|\|\ echo\ -n

     # ./spec/web/httpd_spec.rb:24:in `block (2 levels) in <top (required)>'

Finished in 0.90728 seconds (files took 0.4069 seconds to load)
8 examples, 4 failures

Failed examples:

rspec ./spec/web/httpd_spec.rb:21 # File "/var/www/html/index.html" should be file
rspec ./spec/web/httpd_spec.rb:22 # File "/var/www/html/index.html" should be owned by "apache"
rspec ./spec/web/httpd_spec.rb:23 # File "/var/www/html/index.html" should be grouped into "apache"
rspec ./spec/web/httpd_spec.rb:24 # File "/var/www/html/index.html" content should match /Hello World/

/home/vagrant/.rbenv/.... failed
  • index.html作成
$ cd cookbooks/
$ mkdir files
$ cd files/
$ vi index.html
<html>
Hello World
</html>
$ cd ../..
  • Itamae設定ファイル修正(recipe.rb)
package 'httpd'

service 'httpd' do
  action [:enable, :start]
end

remote_file '/var/www/html/index.html' do
  owner 'apache'
  group 'apache'
end
  • Itamae実行
$ itamae ssh -h web cookbooks/recipe.rb
 INFO : Starting Itamae...
 INFO : Recipe: /home/vagrant/myproject/cookbooks/recipe.rb
 INFO :   remote_file[/var/www/html/index.html] exist will change from 'false' to 'true'
 INFO :   remote_file[/var/www/html/index.html] modified will change from 'false' to 'true'
 INFO :   remote_file[/var/www/html/index.html] owner will be 'apache'
 INFO :   remote_file[/var/www/html/index.html] group will be 'apache'
 INFO :   diff:
 INFO :   --- /dev/null	2017-03-12 12:01:09.240000001 +0000
 INFO :   +++ /tmp/itamae_tmp/1489326611.9137843	2017-03-12 13:50:11.959835316 +0000
 INFO :   @@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
 INFO :   +<html>
 INFO :   +Hello World
 INFO :   +</html>
  • テスト再実行(pass)
$ rake spec
/home/vagrant/.rbenv/....

....

File "/var/www/html/index.html"
  should be file
  should be owned by "apache"
  should be grouped into "apache"
  content
    should match /Hello World/

Finished in 0.8986 seconds (files took 0.43226 seconds to load)
8 examples, 0 failures

PHPのテストをしてみよう

  • rubyの配列(eachメソッド)を使って php php-devel php-mbstring php-gd がインストールされているかの確認(myproject/spec/web/php_spec.rb)
$ vi spec/web/php_spec.rb
require 'spec_helper'

%w(php php-devel php-mbstring php-gd).each do |pkg|
  describe package(pkg) do
    it { should be_installed }
  end
end
  • テスト実行(fail)
$ rake spec
/home/vagrant/.rbenv/....

....

Package "php"
  should be installed (FAILED - 1)

Package "php-devel"
  should be installed (FAILED - 2)

Package "php-mbstring"
  should be installed (FAILED - 3)

Package "php-gd"
  should be installed (FAILED - 4)

Failures:

  1) Package "php" should be installed
     On host `web'
     Failure/Error: it { should be_installed }
       expected Package "php" to be installed
       sudo -p 'Password: ' /bin/sh -c rpm\ -q\ php
       package php is not installed

     # ./spec/web/php_spec.rb:5:in `block (3 levels) in <top (required)>'

  2) Package "php-devel" should be installed
     On host `web'
     Failure/Error: it { should be_installed }
       expected Package "php-devel" to be installed
       sudo -p 'Password: ' /bin/sh -c rpm\ -q\ php-devel
       package php-devel is not installed

     # ./spec/web/php_spec.rb:5:in `block (3 levels) in <top (required)>'

  3) Package "php-mbstring" should be installed
     On host `web'
     Failure/Error: it { should be_installed }
       expected Package "php-mbstring" to be installed
       sudo -p 'Password: ' /bin/sh -c rpm\ -q\ php-mbstring
       package php-mbstring is not installed

     # ./spec/web/php_spec.rb:5:in `block (3 levels) in <top (required)>'

  4) Package "php-gd" should be installed
     On host `web'
     Failure/Error: it { should be_installed }
       expected Package "php-gd" to be installed
       sudo -p 'Password: ' /bin/sh -c rpm\ -q\ php-gd
       package php-gd is not installed

     # ./spec/web/php_spec.rb:5:in `block (3 levels) in <top (required)>'

Finished in 1.12 seconds (files took 0.44041 seconds to load)
12 examples, 4 failures

Failed examples:

rspec ./spec/web/php_spec.rb[1:1] # Package "php" should be installed
rspec ./spec/web/php_spec.rb[2:1] # Package "php-devel" should be installed
rspec ./spec/web/php_spec.rb[3:1] # Package "php-mbstring" should be installed
rspec ./spec/web/php_spec.rb[4:1] # Package "php-gd" should be installed

/home/vagrant/.rbenv/.... failed
  • Itamaeの修正(recipe.rb)
package 'httpd'

service 'httpd' do
  action [:enable, :start]
end

remote_file '/var/www/html/index.html' do
  owner 'apache'
  group 'apache'
end

%w(php php-devel php-mbstring php-gd).each do |pkg|
  package pkg
end
  • Itamaeの実行
$ itamae ssh -h web cookbooks/recipe.rb
 INFO : Starting Itamae...
 INFO : Recipe: /home/vagrant/myproject/cookbooks/recipe.rb
 INFO :   package[php] installed will change from 'false' to 'true'
 INFO :   package[php-devel] installed will change from 'false' to 'true'
 INFO :   package[php-mbstring] installed will change from 'false' to 'true'
 INFO :   package[php-gd] installed will change from 'false' to 'true'
  • テスト再実行(pass)
$ rake spec
/home/vagrant/.rbenv/....

....

Package "php"
  should be installed

Package "php-devel"
  should be installed

Package "php-mbstring"
  should be installed

Package "php-gd"
  should be installed

Finished in 1.13 seconds (files took 0.42836 seconds to load)
12 examples, 0 failures

php_configリソースを使ってみよう

  • php_configリソースを使ってタイムゾーンの確認(php_spec.rb)
require 'spec_helper'

%w(php php-devel php-mbstring php-gd).each do |pkg|
  describe package(pkg) do
    it { should be_installed }
  end
end

describe php_config('date.timezone') do
  its(:value) { should eq 'Asia/Tokyo' }
end
  • テスト実行(fail)
$ rake spec
/home/vagrant/.rbenv/....

....

Php config "date.timezone"
  value
    should eq "Asia/Tokyo" (FAILED - 1)

Failures:

  1) Php config "date.timezone" value should eq "Asia/Tokyo"
     On host `web'
     Failure/Error: its(:value) { should eq 'Asia/Tokyo' }

       expected: "Asia/Tokyo"
            got: ""

       (compared using ==)
       sudo -p 'Password: ' /bin/sh -c php\ \ -r\ \'echo\ get_cfg_var\(\ \"date.timezone\"\ \)\;\'

     # ./spec/web/php_spec.rb:10:in `block (2 levels) in <top (required)>'

Finished in 1.18 seconds (files took 0.42907 seconds to load)
13 examples, 1 failure

Failed examples:

rspec ./spec/web/php_spec.rb:10 # Php config "date.timezone" value should eq "Asia/Tokyo"

/home/vagrant/.rbenv/.... failed
  • Itamaeの修正(recipe.rb)
package 'httpd'

service 'httpd' do
  action [:enable, :start]
end

remote_file '/var/www/html/index.html' do
  owner 'apache'
  group 'apache'
end

%w(php php-devel php-mbstring php-gd).each do |pkg|
  package pkg
end

file '/etc/php.ini' do
  action :edit
  block do |content|
    content.gsub!(';date.timezone =', 'date.timezone = Asia/Tokyo')
  end
end
  • Itamaeの実行
$ itamae ssh -h web cookbooks/recipe.rb
 INFO : Starting Itamae...
 INFO : Recipe: /home/vagrant/myproject/cookbooks/recipe.rb
 INFO :   file[/etc/php.ini] modified will change from 'false' to 'true'
 INFO :   diff:
 INFO :   --- /etc/php.ini	2016-08-11 20:36:21.000000000 +0000
 INFO :   +++ /tmp/itamae_tmp/1489328313.8955498	2017-03-12 14:18:34.023193526 +0000
 INFO :   @@ -943,7 +943,7 @@
 INFO :    [Date]
 INFO :    ; Defines the default timezone used by the date functions
 INFO :    ; http://www.php.net/manual/en/datetime.configuration.php#ini.date.timezone
 INFO :   -;date.timezone =
 INFO :   +date.timezone = Asia/Tokyo
 INFO :
 INFO :    ; http://www.php.net/manual/en/datetime.configuration.php#ini.date.default-latitude
 INFO :    ;date.default_latitude = 31.7667
  • テスト再実行(pass)
$ rake spec
/home/vagrant/.rbenv/....

....

Php config "date.timezone"
  value
    should eq "Asia/Tokyo"

Finished in 1.15 seconds (files took 0.4326 seconds to load)
13 examples, 0 failures

commandリソースを使ってみよう

  • fileリソースではなくcommandリソースを利用してディレクトリの存在確認(myproject/spec/web/files_spec.rb)
require 'spec_helper'

# describe file('/home/vagrant/myapp') do
#   it { should be_directory }
# end

describe command('ls -la /home/vagrant') do
  its(:stdout) { should match /\smyapp$/ }
end
  • /home/vagrant/myproject配下のファイル構造
/home/vagrant/myproject
|--.rspec
|--Rakefile
|--cookbooks
|  |--files
|  |  |--index.html
|  |--recipe.rb
|--spec
|  |--spec_helper.rb
|  |--web
|  |  |--files_spec.rb
|  |  |--httpd_spec.rb
|  |  |--php_spec.rb
  • テスト実行(faile)
$ rake spec
/home/vagrant/.rbenv/....

Command "ls -la /home/vagrant"
  stdout
    should match /\smyapp$/ (FAILED - 1)

....

Failures:

  1) Command "ls -la /home/vagrant" stdout should match /\smyapp$/
     On host `web'
     Failure/Error: its(:stdout) { should match /\smyapp$/ }
       expected "total 32\ndrwx------. 3 vagrant vagrant 4096 Mar 12 12:05 .\ndrwxr-xr-x. 3 root    root    4096 May ...ant root    4096 Mar 12 12:01 .ssh\n-rw-r--r--. 1 vagrant vagrant    6 May 21  2016 .vbox_version\n" to match /\smyapp$/
       Diff:
       @@ -1,2 +1,10 @@
       -/\smyapp$/
       +total 32
       +drwx------. 3 vagrant vagrant 4096 Mar 12 12:05 .
       +drwxr-xr-x. 3 root    root    4096 May 21  2016 ..
       +-rw-------. 1 vagrant vagrant    5 Mar 12 12:05 .bash_history
       +-rw-r--r--. 1 vagrant vagrant   18 Jul 23  2015 .bash_logout
       +-rw-r--r--. 1 vagrant vagrant  176 Jul 23  2015 .bash_profile
       +-rw-r--r--. 1 vagrant vagrant  124 Jul 23  2015 .bashrc
       +drwx------. 2 vagrant root    4096 Mar 12 12:01 .ssh
       +-rw-r--r--. 1 vagrant vagrant    6 May 21  2016 .vbox_version

       sudo -p 'Password: ' /bin/sh -c ls\ -la\ /home/vagrant
       total 32
drwx------. 3 vagrant vagrant 4096 Mar 12 12:05 .
drwxr-xr-x. 3 root    root    4096 May 21  2016 ..
-rw-------. 1 vagrant vagrant    5 Mar 12 12:05 .bash_history
-rw-r--r--. 1 vagrant vagrant   18 Jul 23  2015 .bash_logout
-rw-r--r--. 1 vagrant vagrant  176 Jul 23  2015 .bash_profile
-rw-r--r--. 1 vagrant vagrant  124 Jul 23  2015 .bashrc
drwx------. 2 vagrant root    4096 Mar 12 12:01 .ssh
-rw-r--r--. 1 vagrant vagrant    6 May 21  2016 .vbox_version

     # ./spec/web/files_spec.rb:8:in `block (2 levels) in <top (required)>'

Finished in 1.15 seconds (files took 0.45466 seconds to load)
14 examples, 1 failure

Failed examples:

rspec ./spec/web/files_spec.rb:8 # Command "ls -la /home/vagrant" stdout should match /\smyapp$/

/home/vagrant/.rbenv/.... failed
  • Itamae編集(recipe.rb)
package 'httpd'

service 'httpd' do
  action [:enable, :start]
end

remote_file '/var/www/html/index.html' do
  owner 'apache'
  group 'apache'
end

%w(php php-devel php-mbstring php-gd).each do |pkg|
  package pkg
end

file '/etc/php.ini' do
  action :edit
  block do |content|
    content.gsub!(';date.timezone =', 'date.timezone = Asia/Tokyo')
  end
end

directory '/home/vagrant/myapp'
  • Itamae実行
$ itamae ssh -h web cookbooks/recipe.rb
 INFO : Starting Itamae...
 INFO : Recipe: /home/vagrant/myproject/cookbooks/recipe.rb
 INFO :   directory[/home/vagrant/myapp] exist will change from 'false' to 'true'
  • テスト再実行(pass)
$ rake spec
/home/vagrant/.rbenv/....

Command "ls -la /home/vagrant"
  stdout
    should match /\smyapp$/

....

Finished in 1.23 seconds (files took 0.42573 seconds to load)
14 examples, 0 failures

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Last-modified: 2017-03-12 (日) 23:46:19 (437d)